So, children over 12 can make the independent decision to be tested for HIV and/or start on antiretroviral treatment.
This means they can bypass their conservative parents who do not want to know about such a disease, if they do not want to admit to their parents they are sexually active, or if they have been abused and cannot admit it to/ receive medical support from their primary caregiver. Etcetera.
But they need their parents’ or primary caregiver's consent to take school- or NGO-organised transport to clinics.
Just another fun example of Catch-22 in the lives of people with less.